Termite infestation is not something out of the ordinary. This is something that most homeowners in Singapore experience from time to time. Termites are very destructive pests. In fact, there are normally referred to as the “silent destroyers”. There are more than 200 species of termites in the world and they normally live in colonies.
In Singapore, there are three types of termites which are very common. They are the garden / dampwood termites, subterranean termites, and dry wood termites. Condos and HDB flats are normally affected by the last two types.
By the time you notice the effects of termites, they would have caused massive destruction. They can devalue your property by over 25 percent. On the other hand, the repairs are usually frustrating because these pests normally eat up everything. Some of the control treatment options include:
Monitoring and Baiting
This is considered one of the best termite control techniques. It’s also a holistic method which is unobtrusive. To use it, discreetly place a couple of monitoring stations in certain areas of your property. These stations should be frequently monitored by experts and in case there is a noticeable activity, a baiting system is added. The bait usually contains an edible and active ingredient that inhibits the spread of termites. Note that these pests will spread and share the bait, which will eventually destroy the colony.
These pests tend to live in nested colonies. Spot treatment involves determining where the nest is located and destroying it as a whole. It’s efficient and completely gets rid of the pests once and for all. However, note that you need a specialist to do it and you may have to vacate your apartment if necessary.
Termite Dusting Treatment
Dust pesticides with toxicants are usually gently blown through the infested area. It’s perfect for damp areas because the dust will stick on the termites’ damp bodies. Through their workings and movements, these pests will transfer the dust to other members of the colony. Note that this method doesn’t kill termites instantly and that’s why its effectiveness is massive.
Most termite control companies use dusting as the initial treatment measure. After that, they apply chemical treatments. The aim is to reduce the activity of the colony before completely eliminating the remaining members.
Termite Foaming Treatment
It involves the use of a toxic pesticide and foam generator. You need to spray the termiticide on the colony. Foaming is an effective technique, especially at stage one of colony elimination. The foam normally builds and conveniently holds on the target area. Foaming is effective for killing termites located in wall cavities, tree stumps, and posts among others.
Liquid Barrier Treatment
It’s an effective technique that involves the use of a liquid termiticide. A liquid barrier is effective for pre- and post-construction. You can use it as a preventive technique or to handle an existing problem.
Subterranean Termite Treatment
They are normally attracted by waterproofing and water leakage issues. Subterranean termites come from the soil. Once they find their way into buildings, they create colonies in wooden structures as cupboards and wardrobes. The most effective treatment options for subterranean termites are:
• Spot treatment.
• Dusting treatment.
• Baiting treatment.
Drywood Termite Treatment
There are among the most difficult termites to eradicate. They thrive in carpentry work such as chairs, tables, and cabinets. Treatment options include:
• Spot treatment.
• Termite foaming.
Dampwood Termite Treatment
They are not very common like the subterranean type. These are garden pests that are found mainly in landscape regions. They normally feed on rotten woods and shrubs but they live beneath the soil. The best treatment option for them is:
• Pre-construction soil treatment: the termiticide is applied to the soil before construction. Pre-treat may also involve the use of baiting systems and termite barriers.
• Post-construction treatment: the termiticide is applied to soil found under or near the building. Post-treat normally involves filling drilled holes with pesticide emulsions and then sealing them.
There are still other termite control techniques that are effective. However, it’s important to understand that the right treatment option depends on the type of termite, the area of infestation, and the extent of the infestation. It’s also important to seek the services of trained specialists. This is because they have a better understanding of the living conditions, feeding habits, and the characteristics of termites.